What is Psychomotricity?
It is a paramedical discipline which focuses on the relationship between perceptive, sensory and cognitive processes and the way they influence physical response. The interlink between our emotional states, our cognition and our body can be observed every day: sweeting of hands when nervous, raised heart beat and respiratory rate when scared or in love, tension in neck muscles when stressed….. Therefore any emotional or psychological disorders or dysfunction will have an impact on our body expression and physical functions and vice verse. While the moving body is pivotal to psychomotricity, the approach is constantly holistic; the psychological, social and cultural influences that shape a person are always taken into account parallel to purely physical considerations.
An answer in many situations
Difficulties in coping with feelings, developmental irregularities, physical unease, problems with motor skills or with forming social contacts; psychomotor therapy offers practical assistance in many situations. It is an opportunity that can be beneficial to those of all ages!
- Psychomotor Assessment
The assessment is based on various tests and clinical observation. It synthesise the life of a person, her psychomotor capabilities and difficulties. This analysis will be the basis for individual therapeutical project.
- Therapeutical project
Following the assessment, the therapist will put forward the objectives which will take into the account personal preferences of the client, his or hers preferred mode of expression, personal desires, capabilities as well as his or hers difficulties.
The aim of the therapy and/or of the reeducation is to help to a person to reduce the suffering due to various psychomotor disorders, to bring a person to reinvest his or hers body, to integrate body-mind-emotion equilibrium and hence to achieve better adaptation to his or her physical and relational environment.
- Therapeutical Tools
The tools used during the sessions could be an object (like toys), a play, various technics of body expressions and stimulations, various technics for relaxations, an artistic activity, dance, music… They all put in play the body as a mean of expression and communication. The choice of the tools will depend on individual personal preferences, capabilities and difficulties:
- therapeutical touch
- multi-sensori stimulation
- body expression
- artistic activities, dance, music…
- psychomotor trails and exercices
Indications for children
With children, psychomotor activities can be used as a method for stimulating and fostering psychomotor development, and as a therapeutic method. In both cases, the main intention is to support and stimulate motor development and consequently children’s development as a whole.
Psychomotor development is the progressive attainment by the child of skills that involve both mental and muscular activity, such as the ability of the infant to turn over, sit, or crawl at will and of the toddler to walk, talk, control bladder and bowel functions, and begin solving cognitive problems…
Psychomotor difficulties concern a delay in the acquisition, coordination, and execution of gestures that are not learned culturally or through an explicit education, but are instead acquired “naturally” over time (for example, walking, running, jumping, tapping out a rhythm with the foot or with the fingers). Psychomotor disorders therefore concern the integration of gestures having a universal character into an individual bodily framework. For example, children who experience these difficulties may be unable to coordinate their arms and legs when they swim, may run in a disordered manner, may have difficulty balancing on one foot or going down stairs, etc. Disorders that affect proper coordination are also regularly correlated with dyslexia, albeit to differing degrees.
In addition to above mentioned difficulties psychomotricity may be indicated in following disorders:
Deficiencies in social behaviour: inhibition, instability, agressivness, ADD/H…
Learning disorders: dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia…
Cognitive disorders: learning, memory, perception, attention, problem solving, executive functions, proxies, language acquisition…